The green card application can take a while. How long you wait depends on your green card type and the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) case processing backlogs. If you’re applying for a green card while in the United States, you typically cannot leave until the application process is over. If you leave, USCIS will discontinue your green card application. Getting an Advance Parole travel document allows you to leave the United States while waiting for your green card and return with permission from the U.S. government. In this article, you will learn what Advance Parole is, who qualifies for it and who doesn’t, and how to apply for Advance Parole step-by-step.
Written by Jonathan Petts.
Written May 30, 2022
What Is Advance Parole?
When you apply for your green card from the United States, your application type is called an “adjustment of status.” An Advance Parole travel permit allows current adjustment of status applicants to leave the United States for a temporary period and return without effectively discontinuing their application.
To apply for Advance Parole, you must file Form I-131, Application for Travel Document with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Green card applicants looking to travel abroad for any reason, including a sibling’s wedding, the funeral of a family member, and important overseas business meetings, absolutely must obtain Advance Parole before leaving the United States.
Why Do I Need Advance Parole?
You need Advance Parole if you have a pending green card application and want to take a trip outside the United States while you wait. You will abandon your green card application if you leave the United States without Advance Parole before U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) decides on your green card application. USCIS will terminate any abandoned green card applications, and you would have to do it all over again, which is expensive and time-consuming. To avoid this inconvenience, you should apply for Advance Parole if you’re eligible for it.
Who Is Eligible for Advance Parole?
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) approves travel permit applications on a case-by-case basis. You’re eligible to apply for Advance Parole if you fall within one of the below categories:
You submitted an adjustment of status green card application using Form I-485
You applied for Temporary Protected Status (TPS)
You submitted an asylum application, or you are an asylee
You currently have a pending application for temporary resident status under Section 245(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA)
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) granted you TPS, T nonimmigrant, or U nonimmigrant status
USCIS or Customs and Border Protection (CBP) granted you humanitarian parole under Section 212 (d)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA)
You received benefits through the Family Unity Program
You’re a DACA recipient
Who Can’t Apply for Advance Parole?
On the contrary, you aren’t eligible for Advance Parole if one or more of the following applies to you:
You are residing in the United States without valid immigration status after entering unlawfully many times
You have a valid re-entry permit or refugee document
You are on a J visa or a visa with a foreign residence requirement
You are a beneficiary of a private immigration bill approved by Congress
You are currently in the middle of a removal proceeding (deportation)
You are an asylum-seeker or a refugee, but you’re not adjusting your status to a green card
If you’ve been in the United States unlawfully, you may file for Advance Parole. However, even if granted, you still may be barred from re-entry. If you’ve been unlawfully present in the country for more than 180 days to one year, USCIS will bar you from re-entering for three years. If you’ve been without status for a year or longer, USCIS will bar you for ten years.
If you’ve lived in the United States without status for any period of time, you should always consult an immigration lawyer before traveling abroad. If you can't afford a lawyer, you can contact a legal aid office for help.
Who Does Not Need Advance Parole To Re-Enter the U.S.?
Outside of being ineligible for Advance Parole, you may just not need it to re-enter the country after leaving. Foreign nationals who have certain valid visas can re-enter the United States based on that immigration status. You may travel outside of the United States without Advance Parole while waiting for USCIS to process your Form I-485 if you are:
A temporary worker under a valid H-1 visa, or a spouse or a child of a temporary worker (H-4)
An intra-company transferee under a valid L-1 visa, or a spouse or a child of a transferee (H-2)
A spouse (K-3) or a child (K-4) of a U.S. citizen
A spouse (V-2) or a child (V-3) of a lawful permanent resident
After determining whether you can apply for Advance Parole, or if you even need it, you can begin the Advance Parole application process depending on your current immigration status.
How Do I Apply for Advance Parole? A Step-by-Step Guide
The Advance Parole application process is straightforward. First, you will need to complete the official application form, called Form I-131: Application for Travel Document. When you have completed the form, you will have to gather the government fees and supporting documentation, and then finally submit them together with the form to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
Step 1: Complete Form I-131
Form I-131 is the heart of your Advance Parole application. It is officially called an Application for Travel Document. You cannot submit your travel permit request to the U.S. government without completing and signing this form. You can complete the form in two ways — either online by creating a MyUSCIS account or on paper by downloading the most recent version of Form I-131 from the USCIS website, printing, and completing it.
Step 2: Gather Fees & Supporting Documents for Form I-131
When you have completed Form I-131, it is time to gather the government filing fee and required supporting documents to be submitted with the form. You must include these supporting documents with Form I-131:
Your receipt notice from USCIS after filing Form I-485, if your green card is pending
Two passport-style photographs
USCIS-issued document showing the validity of your current immigration status; this could be an approval notice (Form I-797)
A photocopy of a government-issued identification document (ID), which must include your name, date of birth, and a photo [passport, drivers license, employment authorization document (EAD)]
Marriage certificate (if applying for Advance Parole based on your spouse’s pending green card application)
Child’s birth certificate (if applying for Advance Parole for a child based on a pending child green card application)
Evidence explaining your reasons for traveling — the more, the better
$575 filing fee
Step 3: Submit complete Form I-131
You can submit your complete Form I-131 and supporting documents to USCIS either online or by mail. To submit online, you must first create a MyUSCIS account and submit your petition through your account.
If you choose to submit your forms by mail, you will have to send your application packet to a specific USCIS mailing address. The address depends on where you live and what mail service you use to send your forms. For Advance Parole applicants who have a pending Form I-485 (green card) application, you’ll send your documents either to the USCIS lockbox in Chicago, Dallas, or Phoenix. The USCIS website lists these addresses.
If You’re Filing Form I-131 Overseas:
If you’re filing Form I-131 overseas, you must first get permission from your local U.S. embassy or consulate. You’ll have to set up an appointment with your local U.S. embassy to make your request in person. The State Department has an up-to-date list of all U.S. embassies and consulates.
How Much Does It Cost To Get Advance Parole?
Many immigration application forms carry government filing fees. The U.S. government uses this to cover the administrative costs of processing your application. The filing fee for Form I-131 is $575. If you cannot afford this fee, you may be able to apply for a fee waiver using Form I-912. You can also check out our tips and tricks for fundraising the fees.
You can pay using a money order, personal check, cashier’s check, or credit card. All checks should be made payable to the “U.S. Department of Homeland Security.” If you’re using a credit card, you must also submit Form G-1450: Authorization for Credit Card Transactions with Form I-131. USCIS can only process your credit card payment using Form G-1450.
For whichever payment method you choose, it’s essential to make sure that you have the $575 available after submitting your application so that the payment can go through. If not, USCIS will reject your application, causing a delay in processing.
How Long Does It Take To Get Advance Parole?
The Advance Parole processing usually takes three to five months to process. This is assuming all goes well with your application. That means you filled it out completely and correctly, mailed it to the correct address, and USCIS received it. The application processing time may take longer if the USCIS service center handling your case is experiencing significant processing backlogs. You can get an updated estimate of how long your application’s processing will take from USCIS.
I Have an Emergency. Can I Get Advance Parole quicker?
Depending on your situation, USCIS can expedite an application to reduce the processing time down to 30 days. To expedite your Advance Parole application, you must demonstrate to USCIS that your situations fall under one of the following categories:
You’ve suffered a financial loss to your company or person
You’re in an emergency
You’re affiliated with a nonprofit organization requesting an expedited application for culture or social interests benefiting the United States
Your request is made by the Department of Defense or another U.S. government agency to promote the national interest
USCIS made an administrative error
Some other compelling interest determined by USCIS
USCIS will grant an emergency Advance Parole request based on their discretion in emergencies. To do this, you will have to visit the nearest USCIS field office with the following documents:
A completed Form I-131
Evidence supporting the emergency request, and
Two passport-style photos.
Successful emergency Advance Parole requests are usually processed on the same day.
I’m Traveling With Advance Parole. What Travel Tips Should I Keep in Mind?
Once you’ve successfully applied for Advance Parole, you cannot leave the United States until you’ve received your physical travel document. It will take approximately 3-5 months to get to you, so you should expect to stay in the United States until you receive the physical document.
Typically, an Advance Parole document allows you to travel for up to a year abroad. However, USCIS reserves the right to revoke your permit for any reason. If this occurs, you cannot return to the United States without a valid visa or other documentation allowing you re-entry into the United States.
When traveling abroad, you should be mindful of scheduled fingerprinting (biometrics) and interview appointments. Although your travel permit may allow you to travel for up to a year, you’ll likely miss many of these appointments without regularly returning to the United States. Please follow the USCIS reschedule procedures written on your appointment notice if you think you’re at risk of missing an appointment.
The same goes for regularly receiving documents from USCIS in the mail. It’s best to make arrangements to receive mail while traveling abroad or update your mailing address that USCIS has on file.
Is It Safe To Travel With Advance Parole?
While Advance Parole will prevent USCIS from terminating your green card application and the immigration benefits that will come with it, it doesn’t guarantee re-entry into the United States. At a U.S. port of entry, border patrol agents can deny your re-entry even if you have proper travel documentation. So, it is crucial to determine whether traveling outside of the United States is necessary before leaving.
If you have been living in the United States for any amount of time without legal immigration status, you’re at risk of being barred from re-entry, which could be three or ten years. If you need to speak to a lawyer about your particular case, please visit the U.S. government’s legal aid website for assistance.